Occupational therapy (OT) services help children learn and grow in their daily living skills to promote their independence. OT can help kids improve in their play, motor, sensory, and cognitive skills as well as improve their self-esteem and sense of accomplishment by meeting their own personal milestones!
Play skills help a child make sense of the world around them. Play promotes sensory exploration, problem solving, and the development of social skills.
Difficulties in play skills can include:
Gross motor skills involve the use of the large muscles of the body (arms, legs) to perform everyday functions, such as standing and walking, running and jumping, throwing and catching a ball, and sitting upright at a table.
Difficulties in gross motor skills can include:
Fine motor skills involve the coordination of small muscles to control hand, fingers, and thumb to complete daily living skills such as dressing and handwriting skills.
Sensory processing, or sensory integration, allows kids to learn through their senses. Eight senses are considered: sight, hearing, taste, smell, touch, vestibular, proprioceptive, and interoceptive. Typical sensory processing involves responding appropriately to everyday sensory experiences in a child's environment. Some children may over-react or under-react to certain sensations and/or seek out or avoid sensations.
Difficulties in sensory processing can include:
Visual perceptual skills integrate eyes, muscles, and brain to create a picture of the world. Skills involve following objects with eyes, using eyes to identify objects and shapes in space and differences or similarities.
Difficulties in visual perceptual skills include:
Executive functioning skills are skills that allow for the brain to organize, regulate, manage, and control thoughts. These skills enable children to plan, organize, remember things, prioritize, pay attention and get started or complete tasks.
Difficulties in Executive Functioning Skills include:
Self-regulation skills include the ability for children to manage their emotions and behavior in situations. Children can learn to adjust to changes in situations, being able to calm self and handle their frustration and feelings.
Difficulties with self-regulation include:
Social skills are skills which allow for children to meet their milestones through learning from peers and adults appropriate ways to interact with their world. Engagement in social settings promotes positive relationships, play, attention, and self-regulation skills.
Difficulties in social skills may include the following: